As the Lander Chamber of Commerce had been anticipating, the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network’s (FinCEN) new rule on Beneficial Ownership Information (BOI) has now taken effect as of January 1, 2024. This rule requires corporations, LLCs, or similar entities with 20 or fewer employees and $5 million or less in gross receipts or sales, as reflected in the previous year’s federal tax return, to report their beneficial ownership information to FinCEN.

Who is a Beneficial Owner?

FinCEN defines a beneficial owner as any individual who directly, or indirectly, exercises “substantial control” over a reporting company, or owns at least 25 percent of the “ownership interests” of a reporting company. FinCEN outlines what substantial control and ownership interests mean in their BOI Small Entity Compliance Guide.

Where do I file?

FinCEN has developed an E-Filing System on its website that can be found here. You will have to file the following information on behalf of your business:

  • Full legal name or any DBA name under which it conducts business
  • Address
  • Jurisdiction of formation
  • Taxpayer Identification Number

You will also be required to file four pieces of personal information about each beneficial owner:

  • Name
  • Birthdate
  • Address
  • Identifying number from a driver’s license, state ID, or passport, and an image of the document

Reporting Timeline

Businesses will have one year (until January 1, 2025) to file if the business was formed before January 1, 2024.

  • Any business created during 2024 will have 90 days to report
  • Businesses formed after January 1, 2025, will have 30 days to report

Businesses that have a change in BOI will have 30 days to file updated reports. Additionally, businesses that must correct errors after the initial filing, are required to file a corrected report within the 30 days of the date it knew, or should have known, that the information was inaccurate.

Failure to report could result in criminal penalties of up to 2 years in prison and civil penalties of $500 per day, up to $10,000.

NFIB Resources to Help with Filing

NFIB held a webinar on BOI reporting on January, 17, 2024, and you may watch the recording here.

NFIB also has created a BOI fact sheet containing up to date and pertinent information concerning the rule.

The Lander Chamber of Commerce is an NFIB member and shares its benefits with Lander Chamber members.